Plant Adaptations :Meaning and Definition:Adaptations are special feature in plants and animals which help them to survive in the habitats they live in. We all have observe that we do not see all kinds of plants in all the places. For example an indoor plant can not survive in an outdoor environment similarly a plant which grows in tundra can not live in a desert.
Over a long period, plants in a specific environment have developed special features which help them to live and grow in that particular habitat. For example a desert is a dry and hot place,there is s scarcity of water in a desert, plants in the desert have long roots so that they can reach deep and wide in the soil so as to get the water from deeper and wider area.Similarly desert plants don't have leaves so that there is no water loss through the leaves due to evaporation.Plants like cactus also have waxy surface so to reduce the loss of water.
There are more examples of plant adaptations across different climates.In a tropical rainforest,where it is hot and it rains a lot, plants have waxy leaves so that excess rain water can slip off quickly. They also have tips which help them to drip the water faster.In Tundra regions, where it is cold throughout with very less sunlight,plants have dark color ,sometimes red. These dark color of leaves help the plants to absorb whatever sunlight is there. Also some the plants adaptations for Tundra areas include hairs on the leaves which help them to keep themselves warm in colder times.Similarly plants living in water as well as in deciduous forests have special adaptations to survive in these climates.