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Indian National Anthem
The Indian National anthem was originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore,Nobel Prize Winner poet, was adopted in its Hindi version as the National Anthem of country on 24 January 1950.But It was 1st sung much earlier, it was sung on 27th December 1911 at the Kolkatta session of the Indian National Congress (INC). The complete song consists of 5 stanzas. Playing time of the National Anthem is about 52 seconds.
Indian National Flag
The Indian flag was designed as a symbol of freedom. The flag is a horizontal tricolor.It has deep saffron color on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. Hence it is also called as 'Tiranga'. The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is two is to three(2:3). In the center of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue color to indicate the Dharma Chakra, the wheel of law as depicted in the Sarnath Lion Capital,made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. It has 24 spokes.
The design of the National Flag of India was adopted constituent assembly of India on 22nd July,1947.On 26th January 2002, the flag code was changed. After 52 years, the citizens of India are free to fly the Indian flag over their homes, offices and factories on any day.
Different colors signify different messages.The saffron color stands for courage, sacrifice, white stands, for purity & truth whereas green stands, for faith and fertility.
Indian National Animal
The Tiger is the national animal of India.Tigers are now getting extinct. The Government of India, in 1973,started 'Project Tiger'program, in an effort to save and increase the tiger population.
Indian National Bird
The Peacock is the national bird of India.It is protected under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 i.e. hunting and killing is strictly prohibited.In India, people believe that whenever the peacock spread its feathers , it indicates that rain is about to come.In a way it is partly true also. Whenever it sees dark clouds ,it outspreads its feathers & starts dancing .
Indian National Fruit
The Mango ( Aam in Hindi) is the national fruit of India.There are many varieties of mangoes which are grown in India .
Indian National Tree
The Banyan ( Bargad बरगद in Hindi) is the National tree of India .Its is considered very sacred and many of the people worship Bargad tree .
Indian National Flower
Lotus (कमल in Hindi) is the National Flower of India.It grows in shallow waters. The leaves and flowers float in the water .
Indian National Sport
Hockey is the National sport of India .
Indian National Song
Vandē Mātaram is the national song of India. It was written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in a highly Sanskritized form of the Bengali language. It appeared in his book 'Anandamatha' which was published in 1882 although the song itself was actually written 6 years prior in 1876.